The Innere Stadt literally means "internal city " in other words "town within the city". The district is located between Leopoldstadt (the North East), Landstrasse (the East), Wieden and Mariahilf (the South), Neubau and Josefstadt (the West) and Alsergrund (the North). The Innere Stadt is the oldest district of Vienna, it accommodates the historic areas and the Centre. The district was break up into quarters - Stubenviertel (the North East), Kärntner Viertel (the South East), Widmerviertel (the South West) and Schottenviertel (the North West). Till 1850 the Innere Stadt was the equal of Vienna, and after that 12 months it started to be handled as a separate district in extending city.
Within the Innere Stadt we will find a number of the most vital tourist points of interest of the capital of Austria. We can see the oldest church buildings equivalent to Ruprechtskirche or the Maria am Gestade ( the oldest Gothic church in Vienna), baroque Peterskirche, the archbishop's seat (Stephansdom) and the last open pre-war synagogue (Stadttempel from 1825, which was not destroyed during so called "Crystal Night"). Except sacred buildings there are also Haus entspannt verkaufen
other monuments just like the status Court Theatre (Burgtheater - created in 1741 through the reign of Maria Theresa, partly rebuilt after the war) or the Albertina - a gallery from 1768 which has one of the largest assortment of the graphic artist. Aside from those locations in the Innere Stadt we can even discover the most important Viennese museum - the Naturhistorisches Museum, or the Imperial Palace Hofburg. There may be Graben Street which has a form of an extended square. It's quite necessary a part of the town where we can see the baroque Morow Column - Pestsäule. Leopold I put it in a burial place as a special thanks for rescuing him from plague in 1679. The original column put by Leopold I had been made of wood, and later Matthias Rauchmiller designed a marble one. There's also Vienna State Opera (Staatsoper) which began its activity with Mozart's opera "Don Giovanniego"in 1869.
Really speaking - if we see the Innere Stadt we will say we now have seen almost entire old Vienna.
The growth of the city and war caused that in recent times the number of inhabitants of the oldest district of Vienna decreased very quickly. In 1869 over 68 thousand individuals lived within the Innere Stadt, and eleven years later the inhabitants of the district grew to about 78 thousand inhabitants. But in 2005 solely 17 thousand persons lived there. Over half of them are Roman Catholics, different are the confessors of Orthodox Church, Professionaltestantism and Judaism. About 20 per cent of occupants of the Innere Stadt don't belong to any non secular group. Except Austrians there are additionally Serbians, Germans, Hungarians and Croatians.
The primary, after war, president of the district, only for a number of months, was Theodor Köpl. Presently, since 2005, Ursula Stenzel is the president of the Innere Stadt. Now within the representation of the Innere Stadt there are 18 councillors from Austrian Populist Party (Österreichische Volkspartei), thirteen from Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs), 7 from Green (Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative) and two councillors from Austrian Liberation Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs).